Energy Purchases, Sales and Losses
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Electricity distribution on the national grid is done by six utilities, namely: Umeme Limited, Uganda Electricity Distribution Company Limited (UEDCL), Pader- Abim Community Multipurpose Electricity Cooperative Society Limited (PACMECS), Kilembe Investments Limited (KIL), Kyegegwa Rural Electricity Cooperative Society (KRECS), and Bundibugyo Energy Cooperative Society (BECS). Umeme Limited is the largest operator on the national grid, followed by UEDCL.
Overall, the utilities that wheel power over the national grid purchased 3,685.2 GWh during 2018, as compared to 3,390.5 GWh in 2017, signifying a 9% increment.
The energy purchased by Umeme Limited increased by about 8%, from 3,335.7 GWh in 2017 to 3,601.1 GWh in 2018, while the purchases by the Mini - Grids increased from 54.7 GWh in 2017 to 84.1 GWh in 2018.
The energy sales of the distribution utilities increased by 9% in 2018 (3,065.2 GWh) as compared to 2017 (2,802.5 GWh). The growth in energy sales by the distribution utilities was majorly attributed to increase in demand, especially from the Industrial Customers during the reporting period.
Energy Distribution Losses
Overall, the Distribution Utilities recorded a Distribution Loss of 16.8% for the year 2018, a 0.5% improvement from 17.3% recorded in 2017. Umeme Limited, the largest Distribution Utility reduced its Distribution Losses to 16.4% in 2018, from 17.2% in 2017; although this was below the target of 14.7% set by the Authority for 2018.
The overall Loss factor for the Mini Grids increased from 27% in 2017 to 33.4% in 2018, off the Authority set target of 20.68% for the period.